Mosquitoes – How They Affect Humans(Cont.)
Control of the mosquito population
It is important to control the mosquito population in and around your house.
It would be attractive to eradicate all 3,500 species of mosquitoes, wasn’t it to be unpractical and senseless, as there are some harmless nectar sucking mosquito species, and some are preying on the “bad” mosquitoes. Further a worldwide eradication is more the task of governments and larger organizations. Although my advice should be, don’t do it as you might disrupt the natural balance. The purpose of this writing is to propose measurements which can be taken to safely get rid of an over-population of mosquitoes, in and around the home.
Life Cycle of the mosquito
It is beneficial to know the life cycle of mosquitoes.
Mosquitoes have four stages in their life, which lengths are normally very much influenced by weather conditions like wind, temperature, pollution etc.
1. Egg stage
The eggs are laid in numbers of 50 to 300, stuck together at the side of a container or on soil which is flooded from time to time or on raft type structure, all dependent on the specie of mosquito. The eggs can survive a prolonged period of months of drought.
2. Larva stage
The larvae are hatched when the eggs are covered by water. During their growth, they shed their skin four times. The larva normally hangs from the surface of the water from a breathing tube, except for the Anopheles, which stays parallel to the water surface to breath. This stage takes a week or two, depending of conditions. The larva feeds on microorganisms and organic matter.
3. Pupa stage
The pupa rests, breathes, but does not feed, near the surface of the water and evidently observes its surroundings. When it feels threatened the pupa manages to sink to the bottom to hide, only to rise to the water level later.
4. Adult stage
Ultimately the Adult splits lose from the pupa and will rest for a day or two as a nymph, before flying away as a full grown adult. The female is then ready to prick for blood and on average lives from three days to 100 days, hibernating if the temperature drops. Below the 15° Celsius (±59F) activity of mosquitoes slows down and practically stops below 10º Celsius (50F). But still micro climates within may spike some more activity, determined by humidity, spot temperatures and low movement of air and of course in the house and other dwellings. Better always be on the alert if these conditions exist. Some species more than others, but in general mosquitoes are quick to adapt. Maybe that is the reason they are around for hundreds of millions years, doing what they do best.
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